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GLOBAL ISSUES IN LANGUAGE
EDUCATION NEWSLETTER
June 1995 - Issue No. #19 (p. 14 - 16)
This article was originally given as a talk at a JALT'94 Global Issues SIG Roundtable Discussion chaired by Bill Casey.

Peace Issues: Organizations and Education

by Kazuyo Yamane (Kochi University, Japan)

It is important to teach about global issues because we need peace, a clean environment and human rights in order to survive. Why teach peace-oriented content? Now is the nuclear age and a nuclear war could break out anytime anywhere. It is important for teachers to teach students about peace issues so that they may be able to think critically and creatively for the future.

Peace Organizations

International Peace Research Association (IPRA): Peace Education Commission (PEC)

The goals of the International Peace Research Association (IPRA), are to advance interdisciplinary research into the conditions of peace and the causes of war and other forms of violence. In particular, IPRA aims (1) to promote national and international studies and teaching related to the pursuit of world peace; (2) to facilitate contacts and cooperation between scholars and educators throughout the world; (3) to encourage world-wide dissemination of the results of peace research.

IPRA has various study groups on topics such as international conflict resolution, human rights and fevelopment, peace movements, and women and peace. One of these, the Peace Education Commission (PEC), was established to facilitate international cooperation among individuals interested in peace education teaching and research. PEC works with peace education at various educational levels (pre-school, primary school, secondary school, higher education), as well as in the public sector. It has published: (1) a "Peace, Environment and Education" journal; (2) "Peace Education Reports"; (3) "Peace Education Miniprints"; (4) PEC Mini-Newsletters; (5) a Bulletin of University Peace Studies.

Peace Studies Association of Japan (Nihon Heiwa Gakkai)

The Peace Studies Association of Japan (PSAJ) was founded in 1973. With 751 individual and twelve corporate members, it is one of the largest national peace research organizations in the world. The purpose of PSAJ is to focus on conflicts between nations, carry out scientific research on the causes of war and conditions for peace, and contribute to academic progress in related fields of study. Its publications comprise the PSAJ Annals, Peace Studies (in Japanese), Peace Studies Newsletter (in English), PSAJ Newsletter (in Japanese) and other materials.

Peace Pledge Union (PPU)

The Peace and Pledge Union (PPU) based in London, England is a pacifist organization working for peace through campaigns and educational projects. They publish magazines and newsletters, produce pamphlets, posters and other materials, and hold conferences and camps. Their Peace Education Project (PEP), a service for schools and colleges, offers young people a nonviolent viewpoint which, contrasted with military views, may stimulate students to consider where they stand. The project produces its own teaching materials about the facts, concepts and controversies surrounding the complex issues of war and peace. One publication, Let's Cooperate: Activities and Ideas for Parents and Teachers of Young Children for Peaceful Conflict Solving, has been translated into Japanese and is available from ERIC (Education Resource and Information Center), Iwase Building, 1-14-1 Higashi Tabata, Kita-ku, Tokyo 114, Tel 03-3800-9415 Fax: 03-3800-9416.

Another, Peace and War, is very good for students of higher education. I have used it for a class I teach at Kochi University called Peace & Disarmament. PEP materials help teachers and students understand the links between violence in personal, social and international relations -- and to see nonviolent action as a possible response. PEP also responds to pupils' and teachers' requests for information on issues of peace and war, conflict and co-operation. For more information, contact PPU, 6 Endleigh Street London WC1H ODX, U.K.

Hiroshima Institute for Peace Education

The Hiroshima Institute for Peace Education (HIPE) has published teaching materials on peace education in both Japanese and English including Hiroshima: Living in This Nuclear Age (for secondary school) and A Standard Curriculum For Peace Education (for preschool, primary and junior high school). I have translated both of these into English under the supervision of Dr. Hideaki Nagai. There are also two American teaching materials we have translated into Japanese: Choisu - kaku senso ka kibo ka (Choice: Nuclear War or Hope) and Gunshuku Kyoiku: Seizon no tame no Gakushu (Disarmament Education: Learning for Survival). Both are good for high school or college level. Contact address: HIPE, 2-8-32 Hikari-machi, Higashi-ku, Hiroshima City 730 Tel: 082-264-1750 Fax: 264-3328

The International Peace Bureau (IPB)

The International Peace Bureau (IPB) is the world's oldest and most comprehensive international peace network. With 145 member organizations in 41 countries, it brings together people working for peace in many different sectors: not only pacifists but also women's, youth, labour, religious, political and professional bodies. IPB was founded in 1892 and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910 for promoting the League of Nations and for spreading its message of peace to the general public. Today it supports UN peace and disarmament initiatives and assists grass roots peace campaigns across the world. Details of projects, publications and membership are obtainable from its General Secretary Mr. Colin Archer, Rue de Zurich 41 CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland.

The National Peace Council (NPC) [*The NPC has been replaced by The Network for Peace]

The NPC is an independent UK networking organization bringing together over 190 local, regional and national groups involved in all aspects of work for peace and justice, the environment, disarmament, world development and human rights. To become a member and receive their newsletter, contact them at: 88 Islington High Street London N1 8EG U.K. Tel: 071 354 5200

Consortium on Peace Research, Education and Development (COPRED)

COPRED is a national US organization of peace educators, activists and researchers which issues a newsletter and journal, runs workshops and conferences, and publishes peace education materials, bibliographies and a Directory of Peace Studies Programs".COPRED, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 USA, Fax: 703-934-5142

Peace Education Foundation

The Peace Education Foundation focusses on violence prevention and conflict resolution. It issues a newsletter, runs workshops and produces teaching resources such as "Creative Conflict Solving for Kids", "Peace Heroes", "Martin Luther King for Kids" plus conflict resolution posters and videos. Peace Education Foundation, 2627 Biscayne Blvd., Miami, Florida 33137-4532 USA. Fax: 305-576-3106

National Association for Mediation in Education (NAME)

NAME is a major clearinghouse of conflict resolution information which issues a newsletter, holds an annual conference and distributes books, teaching packs and videos on conflict resolution and how to set up conflict resolution programs in schools.NAME, 205 Hampshire House, Box 33635, UMass, Amherst MA 01003-3635 USA. Fax: 413-545-4802

Peace Resource Project

This unique organization sells peace education T-shirts, coffee mugs, buttons, bumper stickers, rubber stamps and posters carrying messages and slogans on peace, human rights & environmental themes. Peace Resource Project, PO Box 1122, Arcata, CA 95521 USA. Fax: 707-822-6202


Peace in the Language Class

It's possible to get useful reference materials and resources for learning/teaching about peace if you contact the organizations mentioned above. It's important for teachers themselves to learn about peace issues, and to discuss these with other teachers and administrators. It is also important to encourage students' interest in peace issues which are closely related to their own future.

How does peace education affect students? I'd like to talk about peace education in Kochi Prefecture where students studied about hydrogen bomb victims in Bikini Atoll and about Koreans forced to work in Kochi during World War II. They began to study critically and creatively as a result, and even started to study the Korean language in order to exchange opinions with Korean students. Two books in Japanese are available about their activities: Bikini no Umi wa Wasurenai and Watarikawa. In this case, teachers of sociology motivated the students to study peace issues and the Korean language. But I think it is also possible for language teachers to promote peace education in their own way.

*****

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